learn film camera parts

Film Camera Parts | Learn and Know Your Film Camera

To become an expert in anything, you first know every factor that directly or indirectly affects that. Photography and cameras are no different than anything else in this matter. That’s why knowing about film camera parts is important. While working with any machine type, it is better to understand its dynamics and how the different parts of that machine work. In this way, whenever something is wrong with the machine, an expert will instantly know which part of the device is out of order.

Different film camera parts work in accordance with each other to capture a picture. To become a master photographer, you should know all about the different film camera parts. 

Parts of Film Camera

Discussed below are the different film camera parts.

  • Lens
  • Film Lever
  • Aperture
  • Diaphragm
  • Viewfinder
  • Shutter
  • Shutter Speed Control
  • Mirror
  • Camera Casing


Let’s start with the essential part of a film camera that plays a vital role in making a perfect picture, the lens. The function of the lens in a camera is to collect light from the surroundings and use that light to bring the subject into focus.

Film Lever

While using a film camera, film lever or film advance lever is a film camera part that enables the camera to take one picture after another on different parts of a roll. When a picture is captured, the lever advances the roll to capture the next frame on it.


Made up of small, very sharp blades, the aperture is another important part of film cameras that has a very important role in adjusting pictures’ exposure. The sharp blades which are fitted in the lens close or open to allow the exact amount of light needed to give the exposure any picture requires.


Shaped like a circle, a diaphragm is a film camera part that adjusts the lens opening or aperture size. This, in turn, determines how much light is supposed to pass through the aperture. Also remember to visit our article about Film camera angles.


The viewfinder is the part of a camera through which you look to see the object that you want to take a picture of. It is the only part of a film camera that gives you an estimation of how the picture will turn out to be. 


A shutter of the camera determines how the incoming light affects the exposure of the picture being taken. By activating it, you can adjust the light intensity; hence, the exposure.

Shutter Speed Control

As the name indicates, it determines the time for which the shutter will remain open, and usually, it is in fractions of a second.

Camera Casing

When all the internal parts of the camera are put together in place, the camera casing is the body of the camera that holds all of them in place.


When taking a picture, the mirror comes into play by mirroring the light into the viewfinder. Before and after capturing the picture, the mirror comes in place to block any light from going to the film. While capturing, the mirror steps aside and lets the light pass through to the film where the image is imprinted.

Although all the cameras have some similarities, they might have some different parts. Be sure to examine your camera. And find out about every one of them to become an expert on your camera.

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